J. V. Stalin
Original publication: marxists.org

Stalin on Churchill (1946)

6 minutes | English | The Soviet Union

Excerpts from a March 1946 reply by J. V. Stalin to a Pravda reader regarding a speech made by Winston Churchill at Fulton, U.S.A.

Mr. Churchill and his friends bear a striking resemblance to Hitler and his friends. Hitler began his work of unleashing war by proclaiming a race theory, declaring that only German-speaking people constituted a superior nation. Mr. Churchill sets out to unleash war with a race theory, asserting that only English-speaking nations are superior nations, who are called upon to decide the destinies of the entire world. The German race theory led Hitler and his friends to the conclusion that the Germans, as the only superior nation, should rule over other nations. The English race theory leads Mr. Churchill and his friends to the conclusion that the English-speaking nations, as the only superior nations, should rule over the rest of the nations of the world. [1]

Actually, Mr. Churchill, and his friends in Britain and the United States, present to the non-English speaking nations something in the nature of an ultimatum: “Accept our rule voluntarily, and then all will be well; otherwise war is inevitable.”

But the nations shed their blood in the course of five years’ fierce war for the sake of the liberty and independence of their countries, and not in order to exchange the domination of the Hitlers for the domination of the Churchills. It is quite probable, accordingly, that the non-English-speaking nations, which constitute the vast majority of the population of the world, will not agree to submit to a new slavery.

It is Mr. Churchill’s tragedy that, inveterate Tory that he is, he does not understand this simple and obvious truth.


Mr. Churchill would like Poland to be administered by Sosnkowski [2] and Anders, [3] Yugoslavia by Mikhailovich [4] and Pavelich, [5] Rumania by Prince Stirbey [6] and Radescu, [7] Hungary and Austria by some King of the House of Hapsburg, and so on. Mr. Churchill wants to assure us that these gentlemen from the Fascist backyard can ensure true democracy.

Such is the “democracy” of Mr. Churchill.

Mr. Churchill comes somewhere near the truth when he speaks of the increasing influence of the Communist Parties in Eastern Europe. It must be remarked, however, that he is not quite accurate. The influence of the Communist Parties has grown not only in Eastern Europe, but in nearly all the countries of Europe which were previously under Fascist rule — Italy, Germany, Hungary, Bulgaria, Rumania, and Finland — or which experienced German, Italian or Hungarian occupation — France, Belgium, Holland, Norway, Denmark, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Greece, the Soviet Union and so on.

The increased influence of the Communists cannot be considered fortuitous. It is a perfectly logical thing. The influence of the Communists has grown because, in the years of the rule of Fascism in Europe, the Communists showed themselves trusty, fearless, self-sacrificing fighters against the Fascist regime for the liberty of the peoples. Mr. Churchill in his speeches sometimes recalls the plain people from little homes, slapping them patronisingly on the back and parading as their friend. But these people are not so simple as may at first sight appear. These plain people have views of their own, a policy of their own, and they know how to stand up for themselves. It was they, the millions of these plain people, that defeated Mr. Churchill and his party in Britain by casting their votes for the Labourites. It was they, the millions of these “plain people,” who isolated the reactionaries and advocates of collaboration with Fascism in Europe, and gave their preference to the Left democratic parties. It was they, the millions of these “plain people,” who after testing the Communists in the fires of struggle and resistance to Fascism, came to the conclusion that the Communists were fully deserving of the people’s confidence. That was how the influence of the Communists grew in Europe.

Of course Mr. Churchill does not like this course of development and he sounds the alarm and appeals to force. But neither did he like the birth of the Soviet regime in Russia after the First World War. At that time, too, he sounded the alarm and organised an armed campaign of 14 States against Russia setting himself the goal of turning back the wheel of history. But history proved stronger than the Churchill intervention, and Mr. Churchill’s quixotry led to his unmitigated defeat at that time. I don’t know whether Mr. Churchill and his friends will succeed in organising a new armed campaign against Eastern Europe after the Second World War; but if they do succeed — which is not very probable because millions of plain people stand guard over the cause of peace — it may confidently be said that they will be thrashed, just as they were thrashed once before, 26 years ago.

[1] See “Really Existing Fascism” (2021). [web] 

[2] Kazimierz Sosnkowski (b. 1885-1969) was a Polish general who received an Order of the British Empire for his anti-Soviet positioning. [web] 

[3] Władysław Anders (b. 1892-1970), a general in the Polish Army and later in life a politician and prominent member of the Polish government-in-exile in London. [web] 

[4] Dragoljub Mihailović (b. 1893-1946) was the leader of the “Chetniks,” a royalist and nationalist movement and guerrilla force established following the Nazi invasion of Yugoslavia in 1941. [web] 

[5] Ante Pavelić (b. 1889-1959) headed the fascist ultranationalist organization known as the Ustaše in 1929 and served as dictator of (parts of) occupied Yugoslavia by the authorities of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy from 1941 to 1945. [web] 

[6] The House of Știrbei, Știrbey or Stirbey is an old Romanian noble family. [web] 

[7] Nicolae Rădescu (b. 1874-1953) was a Romanian army officer, the last pre-communist rule Prime Minister of Romania, serving from 7 December 1944 to 1 March 1945. [web]